India is a diversified country. With a wide divergence of landforms India is bounded by the majestic Himalayas in the north and vast stretches of seas on the other three sides of the country. Travelling across India will enrich your travelling experience. Deserts, plateaus, mountains, plains, coastal areas-all are stuffed within the dimensions of India. Mainly the northern parts of India have a cooler climate than the rest of India. Rest of India experiences long months of summer. Most of the inhabitants of the hotter parts of India prefer to visit hill stations to avoid the scorching heat of the sun and enjoy the cool atmosphere. Sikkim, the second smallest state of India after Goa, is a small mountainous state which is one of the most popular tourist destinations. Sikkim is a landlocked country as it is surrounded by countries like Nepal, Bhutan and China. It is located on the top of West Bengal. With the pleasant view of Himalayas and beautiful serene ambience and also because of its heritage and culture this small state has been the centre of tourist attraction for more than decades now. For mountain lovers Sikkim provides the grand view of Kangchenjunga, the third highest Himalayan mountain peak that is situated in the border of Sikkim with Nepal. This state first came into existence from 1975. It is the only state in India with ethnic Nepali majority. Dominant religions of the state are Hinduism and Buddhism. Economy of Sikkim is mainly based on travel and tourism. Sikkim can be considered as a biodiversity hub as it is located in the lap of ecological hotspot, The Himalayas. A wide diversified flora and fauna species add enhances the glamour and attraction of Sikkim to a greater extent.
Gangtok, the capital city, is the largest town of Sikkim. Sitting in the lap of the Shiwalik Hills of the eastern Himalayas, Gangtok lies at an altitude of 1437m. Gangtok can also be described as the land of monasteries which has gained mass popularity and has turned out to be Sikkim’s centre of attraction for the travellers. Gangtok gained religious significance among the Buddhists after the construction of the Enchey Monastery in the latter part of the 19th century. The city is full of monasteries, stupas, gumphas, parks, gardens and lakes. Gangtok is renowned for its delicacies. Sikkimese cuisine is the incorporated delicacy of Tibetan, Nepalese and Indian cuisine. You can taste the Sikkimese exquisiteness like glass noodles, yak cheese and many others along with momos being the common option. Major attractions of Gangtok comprises of many preferences. You can also travel from Gangtok to all the other attractions of Sikkim as Gangtok being the most well communicated centre. Among monasteries in Sikkim Rumtek, Pemayangste deserves special mention. Rumtek monastery is the seat of the Karmapa Lama who heads the Kagyupa Sect of Buddhism. Pemayangste monastery was originally constructed as a temple but later it was reconstructed as a monastery. Enchey Monastery, the chief among all the monasteries is two hundred years old and the main attraction of Gangtok. Dodrupchen Monastery is also yet another important monastery of Nyingma tradition of Tibetan Buddhism famous for its large chorten or stupa that is best known as the Buddhist place of worship. Changu Lake is synonymous with Gangtok and is widely recognised among the tourists. This is a glacial lake in the East Sikkim nearby the great Nathu La pass. Other attractions of Sikkim include Deer Park, Namgyal Institute of Tibetology, Khecheopalri Lake, Nathu La Pass. Khecheopalri Lake is considered to be one of the most sacred lake both by the Buddhists and the Hindus. Nathula Pass is at an altitude of 14,200 ft. bordering India and China. Sikkim is a heaven for the trekkers, rock-climbers.
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